Transition from the archaic forms of Man

Transition from the archaic forms of ManTransition from archaic forms of Reasonable Man to anatomically modern type (Noto sapiens Sapiens) is one of the mysteries of paleoanthropology. Gene analysis suggests that neanderthal  It cannot be considered a predecessor of modern man, but this statement cannot be considered final, since the remains of Neanderthals, especially the later ones, are very different in morphotype in different places. Thus, in Palestine, near the port of Haifa, in 1931–1936, a Neanderthal station was found, the structure of which is very different from the structure of the “classical” Neanderthals who lived in Europe. They had a clear resemblance to Cro-Magnon - The oldest representatives of the modern type of person: their high height was combined with relative lengthening of the legs, especially due to the leg, as well as the lengthening of the forearm relative to the shoulder. Such proportions are very characteristic of modern "tropical" populations of people - Australian, Negro and others. In the Paleolithic man, they apparently combined with high speed in running, dexterity in jumping and throwing, which are also observed in modern long-legged groups.

To date, there is no evidence of the evolution of paleoanthropes into neoanthropes, since there are no links. Similar morphotypes may be explained by similar parallel adaptation of different subspecies to the same environmental conditions, although it is impossible to exclude mixing of the gene material during mixed “marriages”.

In the absence of direct evidence of communication in a direct Neanderthal man and a neoanthropus, the latter, according to modern concepts, is considered a descendant of erect man. This is connected, first of all, with the discovery of a large number of fossil remains of Reasonable Archaic Man with intermediate features between the Man upright and the man of the modern physical type.

The most ancient representative of the species, called Cro-Magnon Noah Sapiens Sapiens (after the name of the Cromanignon grotto in France, where it was first discovered), which is almost the same as modern man, was found in Northeast Africa. It is possible that the origins of the origin of a person of the modern type should be sought here, and this event took place no later than 100,000 years ago.

Neoanthropes and paleoanthropes coexisted on the same territories for several thousand years. However, then in Africa over a long period and much faster in Europe, the neoanthropus replaced the paleoanthropus completely. At that time, the neoanthropes lived not only in Europe and Africa, but also in remote areas of Asia (the islands of Taiwan, Okinawa) and even in America. These data point to an unusually fast process of resettlement of a modern person, which may be evidence of the “explosive”, spasmodic nature of anthropogenesis during this period, both in a biological and in a social sense.

Today, it has been established that by 30,000 years ago, a modern type of man turned out to be the only representative of hominids that has spread throughout the world. Representatives of our own subspecies are characterized by a more gracile skeleton, thinning of the bones of the cranial vault, a higher and rounded skull, a decrease in the size of the face and teeth, the development of the protruding chin and a number of other signs.